10 lsof Command Examples

by lifeLinux on May 14, 2011

The lsof command or “list open files” command in Linux is a powerful tool. In Linux and Unix everything behind the scenes are just files. This includes IP sockets, pipes, unix sockets, directories, devices, even inodes are just files. This means that lsof can actually tell you a lot of information of what is going on on your system.

Synopsis

lsof [ -?abChlnNOPRstUvVX ] [ -A A ] [ -c c ] [ +|-d d ] [ +|-D D ] [ +|-f [cfgGn] ] [ -F [f] ] [ -g [s] ] [ -i [i] ] [ -k k ] [ +|-L [l] ] [ -m m ] [ +|-M ] [ -o [o] ] [ -p s ] [ +|-r [t] ] [ -S [t] ] [ -T [t] ] [ -u s ] [ +|-w ] [ -- ] [names] 

Example 1: Show all opened files

Type the following command

lsof | more

Sample outputs

COMMAND     PID      USER   FD      TYPE     DEVICE      SIZE       NODE NAME
init          1      root  cwd       DIR      253,4      4096          2 /
init          1      root  rtd       DIR      253,4      4096          2 /
init          1      root  txt       REG      253,4     38652   41746599 /sbin/init
init          1      root  mem       REG      253,4    129900   16252964 /lib/ld-2.5.so
init          1      root  mem       REG      253,4   1693812   16252965 /lib/libc-2.5.so
init          1      root  mem       REG      253,4     20668   16253168 /lib/libdl-2.5.so
init          1      root  mem       REG      253,4    245376   16253222 /lib/libsepol.so.1
init          1      root  mem       REG      253,4     93508   16253815 /lib/libselinux.so.1
init          1      root   10u     FIFO       0,17                 1277 /dev/initctl
...

Example 2: Show all opened internet sockets

Using the -i flag lsof will list the internet sockets currently opened

lsof -i

Sample outputs

COMMAND     PID   USER   FD   TYPE   DEVICE SIZE NODE NAME
sshd       2537   root    3u  IPv6     5348       TCP *:rockwell-csp2 (LISTEN)
mysqld     2625  mysql   11u  IPv4     5463       TCP *:mysql (LISTEN)
httpd      2731 apache    3u  IPv6 30048993       TCP *:http (LISTEN)
...

Example 3: Shows all networking related to a given port 80

lsof -i :80

Sample outputs

COMMAND   PID   USER   FD   TYPE   DEVICE SIZE NODE NAME
httpd    2731 apache    3u  IPv6 30048993       TCP *:http (LISTEN)
httpd    2731 apache   58u  IPv6 39448263       TCP server.com:http->adsl-dynamic-pool-xxx.hcm.fpt.vn:23527 (ESTABLISHED)
httpd    2731 apache   60u  IPv6 39448302       TCP server.com:http->crawl-66-249-69-83.googlebot.com:35190 (ESTABLISHED)
httpd    2731 apache   61u  IPv6 39448336       TCP server.com:http->v16-13.opera-mini.net:37548 (ESTABLISHED)
httpd    2731 apache   62u  IPv6 39448388       TCP server.com:http->v16-13.opera-mini.net:37561 (ESTABLISHED)
httpd    2731 apache   64u  IPv6 39447543       TCP server.com:http->adsl.viettel.vn:13636 (FIN_WAIT2)

Example 4: Show all TCP/UDP connections

lsof -i TCP

Sample outputs

sshd       2537   root    3u  IPv6     5348       TCP *:rockwell-csp2 (LISTEN)
mysqld     2625  mysql   11u  IPv4     5463       TCP *:mysql (LISTEN)
httpd      2731 apache    3u  IPv6 30048993       TCP *:http (LISTEN)
...

Example 5: List open files associated with process ID

The flag +p will display all open files associated with specific process ID, example with process ID is 2625

lsof +p 2625

Sample outputs

COMMAND  PID  USER   FD   TYPE     DEVICE      SIZE     NODE NAME
mysqld  2625 mysql  cwd    DIR      253,4      4096 21495811 /var/lib/mysql
mysqld  2625 mysql  rtd    DIR      253,4      4096        2 /
mysqld  2625 mysql  txt    REG      253,4   7020300 50999198 /usr/libexec/mysqld
mysqld  2625 mysql  DEL    REG      253,4           16253135 /lib/libcrypto.so.0.9.8e.#prelink#.64u8kX
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           16252984 /lib/libm-2.5.so (path inode=16253122)
mysqld  2625 mysql  DEL    REG      253,4           50996047 /usr/lib/libgssapi_krb5.so.2.2.#prelink#.YYIHuy
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           16252990 /lib/libselinux.so.1 (path inode=16253815)
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           16256252 /lib/libsepol.so.1 (path inode=16253222)
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4     50848 16253138 /lib/libnss_files-2.5.so
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           16253825 /lib/librt-2.5.so (path inode=16253220)
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           16252942 /lib/ld-2.5.so (path inode=16252964)
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           50996107 /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.8 (path inode=50989584)
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           50996061 /usr/lib/libkrb5.so.3.3 (path inode=50999803)
mysqld  2625 mysql  mem    REG      253,4           16252980 /lib/libdl-2.5.so (path inode=16253168)
...

Example 6: Show what a given user has open

The flag -u will show what a given user has open

lsof -u apache

Sample outputs

COMMAND   PID   USER   FD   TYPE     DEVICE      SIZE     NODE NAME
httpd    2731 apache  cwd    DIR      253,4      4096        2 /
httpd    2731 apache  rtd    DIR      253,4      4096        2 /
httpd    2731 apache  txt    REG      253,4   3120954 51157630 /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd
httpd    2731 apache  mem    REG      253,4    375710 51157607 /usr/local/apache/lib/libaprutil-1.so.0.3.10
httpd    2731 apache  mem    REG      253,4     45432 16253184 /lib/libcrypt-2.5.so
httpd    2731 apache  mem    REG      253,4      7748 16253849 /lib/libcom_err.so.2.1
httpd    2731 apache  mem    REG      253,4      7880 16253845 /lib/libkeyutils-1.2.so
httpd    2731 apache  mem    REG      253,4    937178 51157689 /usr/local/apache/modules/mod_security2.so
httpd    2731 apache  mem    REG      253,4    129208 16253851 /lib/libpcre.so.0.0.1
...

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